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Pernod fils absinthe distillery in France
Absinthe Beucler Poster
Pernod distillery burning down in 1901
Swiss absinthe prohibition poster

Circa 1790

Invention of Absinthe by French doctor Pierre Ordinaire living in Switzerland?

1797

Pernod fils opens first commercial absinthe distillery in Couvet, Switzerland

1805

Pernod fils opens first commercial absinthe distillery in Pontarlier, France

1825 to 1844

Expansion of distilleries in Pontarlier and Couvet

1844 to 1847

Absinthe issued to French troops fighting in Algeria

1850

Production of absinthe from Pernod’s stills estimated at 20,000 litres/day

1859

Manet, The Absinthe Drinker

1864

Maignan conducts his first experiments into the harmful effects of absinthe, the phrase ‘absinthism’ is coined

1876

Degas, l’Absinthe

1886

Van Gough, Still life with absinthe glass

1888

Toulouse-Lautrec, The Absinthe Drinker

1894

Production of absinthe from Pernod’s stills in Pontarlier 30,000 litres/day

1895

Maignan, The Green Muse

1896

Production of absinthe from Pernod’s stills in Pontarlier 120,000 litres/day

1901

Pernod distillery in Pontarlier destroyed by fire

Picasso, The Absinthe Drinker

1905

Annual production of absinthe in Pontarlier alone is 7,036,500 litres/year from 25 distilleries operating 151 stills

Lanfrey murder takes place in Switzerland

1908

Absinthe banned in Switzerland

1912

Consumption of absinthe in France reaches 22,189,700 litres/year (est population 41.4 million)

1914

Picasso, The Glass of Absinthe (sculpture)

1915

Absinthe banned in France

Absinthe Drinker Manet
Dega's l'absinthe
Picasso's absinthe drinker
French absinthe prohibition poster